The Woods have a deep club head. Although originally made of wood, they are now usually made of steel or titanium alloy. They are intended to provide height (loft) and distance to the ball. Woods are classed as “drivers” or “fairway woods”.
Drivers are the longest clubs and have the biggest head. They have less loft than fairway woods therefore provide better distance. When using a driver, you want to hit the ball on the upswing off the tee.
Fairway Woods have smaller heads than drivers. They provide greater loft which makes them a good choice on fairway, but can also be used off the tee. When address the ball, place it forward in order to strike at the bottom of the swing.
As a general rule, fairway woods are easier to hit than long irons for most beginners and recreational golfers.
The irons have a narrow (thin) club head and have always been made of metal (usually steel). The face of the club is grooved to create spin on the ball. The two important styles are called a “Blade” or “muscleback”, and a “cavity back”.
Blade irons have a full back club head providing more weight to the club head. Advanced player will generally use a blade. They are forged of a softer steel and have a chrome plate exterior. The clubs generate more spin resulting in better control. Blades have a smaller sweet spot also contributing to better accuracy.
Cavity back irons are cast iron clubs slightly hollowed at the back. This hollowing creates lighter head with the weight distributed around the edges generating what is known as “perimeter weighting”. Cavity-back irons can provide more help for beginners and recreational players as they are more forgiving and have a larger sweet spot. The club head’s center of gravity is pushed back resulting in less twist on off-shots allowing the ball to fly further. These irons are sometimes referred to as “game improvement clubs”.
Irons have a sharply rounded leading edge. They are designed to hit the ball on the downswing. Most iron shots are taken from the fairway, but in Pitch and Putt, it is commonly used from the tee to better control the shot. It’s common to dig up a chuck of dirt (divot) when using an iron on the fairway. Please remember to always replace your divots to ensure everyone’s enjoyment of the golf course.
Wedges are specialty irons with an increased loft effect. Wedges are designed for accuracy built with the shortest shaft lengths and the greatest loft.
Many golfer find it beneficial to add a gap wedge, sand wedge and lob wedge to their arsenal of clubs.
A gap wedge serves as an intermediate club between a pitching wedge and a lob wedge.
Sand wedges are designed to make shots from a sand bunker simpler to accomplish. This wedge will get you from the beach to the green with a simple shot.
Lob wedge has a steeper loft angle. This wedge can get a golfer out of many tricky situations. Many more experienced golfer make it a regular club in their bag.
Putters vary in clubhead and length. Clubhead options include blade head, heel-toe head, or mallet head. Lengths vary from normal (or standard), belly putters, to broomstick (or long).
You will find it beneficial to try each style out to determine which feels the most comfortable for you.
Need more information of all the right golf clubs for Pitch and Putt, read over our Pitch and Putt Golf Clubs page.